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The MacDuffie School Library: Research Help

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MacDuffie Research Guide

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What Are Databases? Why Should I Use Them???

SIRS Research Guide for Critical Thinkers

A Note on Plagiarism

A NOTE ON PLAGIARISM

Plagiarism is the act of using another person’s ideas or phrasing knowingly or through carelessness. This includes copying whole papers, paragraphs, sentences, statistics, lab results, artwork, musical lyrics, etc. without attributing the information to a source or person.

 Quotation or word-for-word Plagiarism occurs when the researcher repeats the exact words of the source (verbatim) without using quotation marks and giving necessary credit to the author of the source.

Paraphrasing and Summarizing occurs when the researcher restates the ideas of an original source without giving credit to the author or source of the information. This kind of plagiarism also occurs when a researcher uses an author’s key words or phrases without placing them in quotation marks.

The only exception to the above guidelines is when information is considered Common Knowledge. For more information about what constitutes common knowledge, consult your teacher.

Plagiarism occurs when:

  • Copying from reference materials without adequate citation
  • Purchasing a work written by another person
  • Letting someone else write your paper
  • Paraphrasing too closely to the original work
  • Making up citations
  • Submitting as your own someone else’s work either with or without permission
  • “Cutting and pasting” part or all of an existing online source

Ways to Avoid Plagiarism

  • Identify resources used in you report paper
  • Cite work when paraphrasing the ideas of others
  • Cite work when directly quoting the written work of author
  • Learn the correct format for citing sources or where to find the format guidelines
  • Consult your teacher or librarian when you are unsure how to cite a source